Wednesday, June 01, 2016

The 1921 Census of Canada and My Ancestors

A few weeks ago, I wrote an article about my ancestors who appeared on the 1901 census of Canada. Today – 1 June 2016 – is the 95th anniversary of the 1921 Census of Canada. I decided to see which ancestors appear on that census, the most recent one publicly available. Here is what I found.

Youngest

My grandmother Juliette Beauvais was 19 years old (she turned 20 at the end of the month) on the census. [1] She is on line no. 34 in the image below. Juliette and her parents Joseph, a farmer, and Olivine lived in Hartwell (now Chénéville), Quebec. All the family members were born in Quebec according to the census, including elder son Oscar, although he was born in Tupper Lake, New York, USA. The family was French, Canadian, and Roman Catholic. Juliette and some of her brothers could read and write, but their parents could not. They all spoke French; no one could speak English.
Juliette Beauvais on 1921 census of Canada
Juliette Beauvais with her family on the 1921 census of Canada (Ancestry)

Joseph owned his home (it was not rented). He, his wife and their fourteen children lived in a four-room single-family house of wood. The enumerator visited and counted the family on 24 June 1921, although the official enumeration date was 1 June 1921.

Oldest

My great-great-grandfather Joseph Léveillé was 81 years old on the census. [2] He and his wife Cordélia lived with their younger daughter Adélaïde in South Indian (now Limoges), Ontario. Joseph and Cordélia were born in the province of Quebec, while Adélaïde was born in the province of Ontario. They were French, Canadian, and Roman Catholic. Joseph was a farmer on his own farm and Adélaïde was the family’s housekeeper. Joseph spoke English and French, but he couldn’t read or write.
Joseph Leveille on 1921 census of Canada
Joseph Léveillé with his family on the 1921 census of Canada (Ancestry)

Joseph owned his four-room single-family house constructed of wood. The enumerator seems to have neglected to date the form, but the official census day was 1 June 1921.

Other Ancestors

• Grandparents: Julie Vanasse and Eugène Desgroseilliers; both lived in the province of Quebec.

• Great-grandparents: Pierre Belair, Olivier and Elisabeth (Vanasse) Vanasse, Albert and Clémentine (Léveillé) Desgroseilliers, and Joseph and Olivine (Hotte) Beauvais. Albert and Clémentine lived in the province of Ontario, while the others lived in the province of Quebec.

• Great-great-grandparents: Cordélia (Racette) Léveillé, widow Arline (Deschatelets) Beauvais, and widower Louis Hotte. Cordélia lived in Ontario, while Arline and Louis lived in Quebec.

Ancestor Not Found

Living, but missing from the census is my grandfather Fred Belair.

Some Census Statistics

• 13,000 enumerators were required, including war veterans and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
• The information on the forms “were transferred to punch cards and tabulated by machines”.
• There were five schedules (population, agriculture, animals […] not on farms, manufacturing and trade, and a supplemental schedule for the blind and deaf-mutes) and 565 questions. [3]

Sources:

1. 1921 census of Canada, Hartwell and Preston (Township), Labelle, Quebec, population schedule, subdistrict 2, p. 23, dwelling 195, household 195, Joseph Beauvais family (written as Joseph Beauvais, indexed as Joseph Beavens); digital image, Ancestry.ca (http://www.ancestry.ca : accessed 25 May 2016); citing Sixth Census of Canada, 1921, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Series RG31, Statistics Canada Fonds.

2. 1921 census of Canada, Cambridge (Township), Russell, Ontario, population schedule, subdistrict 3, p. 9, dwelling 70, household 70, Joseph Leveille [sic] family; digital image, Ancestry.ca (http://www.ancestry.ca : accessed 25 May 2016); citing Sixth Census of Canada, 1921, Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Series RG31, Statistics Canada Fonds.

3. Dave Obee, Counting Canada: A Genealogical Guide to the Canadian Census, by Dave Obee (Victoria, BC: Dave Obee, 2012), 163.

Copyright © 2016, Yvonne Demoskoff.

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