|Habitation de Québec (1613)|
Champlain’s men began to clear the land that same day. They built a storehouse for trade and provisions and a large wooden structure that Champlain called the habitation. A sort of fort-complex, the habitation consisted of three interconnected buildings, with a residence for Champlain, quarters for his settlers and their workshops, and even space for a dovecote. The flag of France flew over the establishment. 
Today, this site is Quebec City. It celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2008.
Image credit: “Abitation de Quebecq [document cartographique]”, Library and Archives Canada.
1. David Hackett Fischer, Champlain’s Dream (Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2008), 6.
2. Fischer, Champlain’s Dream, 244.
Copyright © 2016, Yvonne Demoskoff.