Friday, October 10, 2014

52 Ancestors: #41 Joseph Caillé’s 1814 Marriage

Amy Johnson Crow at No Story Too Small has issued herself and her readers a challenge for 2014. It’s called “52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks”, and as Amy explains, the challenge is to “have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor”.

For the 41st week of this challenge, I chose Joseph Caillé (1798-1865).

Joseph is my maternal 4x great-grandfather and is number 118 in my ancestor list.

A younger son of Joseph Caillé by his first wife Marie Françoise Renaud dite Dumoulin, Joseph was born on 27 February 1798 and was baptized that day in the village of Ste-Rose on Ile Jésus, just north of Montreal. [1]

Today – 10 October 2014 – is the two hundredth anniversary of the marriage of Joseph and Angélique Houle [Houde] dite Gervais. The couple, who were distantly related, married on 10 October 1814 in the parish church in Ste-Thérèse, Terrebonne County. [2]

Until I prepared this post for my blog, I hadn’t considered my ancestors’ ages when they wed. I was surprised to learn that Joseph was only 16 years old, while Angélique was one week away from 21 at their marriage.

Marriage record of Joseph Caillé and Angélique Houle
Caillé - Houle marriage record (1814) [3]

Below is my transcription of their marriage record. (I’ve kept the original spelling, punctuation and capitalization, as well as the original lineation.)

Transcribed  Caillé - Houle marriage record

What information appears in Joseph and Angélique’s marriage record? [4] I found the following 26 details:

1. Date of marriage (10 October 1814)

2. Publication of the banns (three banns announced during the Mass on three consecutive Sundays)

3. Place of marriage (our parish masses)*

4. Groom’s name (Joseph Câyer [sic])

5. Groom’s occupation (farmer)

6. Groom’s place of residence (this parish, Ste-Thérèse)

7. Groom’s age (minor, under 21 years old)

8. Groom’s matrimonial status (single, never married)†

9. Groom’s parents (Joseph Câyer [sic] and Marie Françoise Renault dite Dumoulins [sic])

10. Groom’s parents’ place of residence (also of this parish)

11. Bride’s name (Marie Angélique Houle)

12. Bride’s place of residence (also of this parish)

13. Bride’s age (major, 21 years or older)

14. Bride’s matrimonial status (single, never married)‡

15. Bride’s parents (the late Joseph Houle and Marie Louise Fournier)

16. Bride’s parents’ place of residence (also of this parish)

17. Bride’s father’s occupation (farmer, while living)

18. Canonical impediments to the marriage (none)

19. Parents’ consent to marriage (given)

20. Groom and bride’s consent to marriage (received by both parties)

21. Nuptial blessing (given by celebrant)

22. Witnesses (groom’s father Joseph Câyer [sic], groom’s uncle Charles Dubois, bride’s brother Jean Baptiste Houle, bride’s friend Joseph Logué, and many other relatives and friends)

23. Relationship of witnesses to groom and bride (see previous entry)

24. Signatures of couple and witnesses (none)

25. Ability of couple and witnesses to sign (no one could sign their name)

26. Celebrant’s signature (JB Lajus, priest curate)


* Although the name of the parish is not mentioned in the text, the marriage took place in Ste-Thérèse’s parish church, as stated on the first page of its sacramental register for 1814.

† The groom’s single status is implied because his parents’ names are stated. If a groom is a widower, his parents’ names are omitted and instead the name of his late wife is mentioned. There are rare exceptions to this rule, however, where the celebrant did not follow this formula.

‡ The bride’s single status is implied. (See note above.)

Joseph and Angélique were married for nearly 51 years. (See them in Wedding Wednesday: Longest Ancestral Marriages.) They were the parents of fourteen children – eight sons (including twins), five daughters (including my ancestor Marie Angélique), and one child of unknown gender who did not survive.

Joseph died on 8 June 1865 in St-André-Avellin, Papineau County, while Angélique survived him by two years, dying on 30 May 1867, also in St-André-Avellin. [5]


1. Ste-Rose (Laval, Quebec), parish register, 1785-1799, p. 6 recto, no entry no. (1798), Joseph Cahié [sic] baptism, 27 February 1798; Ste-Rose parish; digital image, “Le LAFRANCE”, Généalogie Québec ( : accessed 3 October 2014).

2. Ste-Thérèse (Ste-Thérèse, Quebec), parish register, 1814, p. 29 verso, entry no. M.19, Joseph Câyer [sic– Marie Angélique Houle marriage, 10 October 1814; Ste-Thérèse parish; digital image, “Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967”, ( : accessed 1 November 2010).

3. Ste-Thérèse, parish register, 1814, p. 29 verso, Joseph Câyer [sic– Marie Angélique Houle marriage, 10 October 1814.

4. To learn more about the required contents of ecclesiastical marriage records in the province of Quebec from its origins to the present day, see, for example, Gérard Bouchard et André LaRose, “La réglementation du contenu des actes de baptême, mariage, sépulture, au Québec, des origines à nos jours”, Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française 30 (1976); online archives, érudit ( : accessed 20 August 2009), 67-84, particularly p. 80.

5. St-André-Avellin (St-André-Avellin, Quebec), parish register, 1865, p. 168 (stamped), entry no. S.6, Joseph Cahier [sic] burial, 10 June 1865; St-André-Avellin parish; digital image, “Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967”, ( : accessed 31 October 2010). Also, St-André-Avellin (St-André-Avellin, Quebec), parish register, 1867, p. 291 (stamped), entry no. S.23 Angélique Gervais (dit Oulle) [sic] burial, 1 June 1867; St-André-Avellin parish; digital image, “Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967”, ( : accessed 31 October 2010). Note: Angélique appears as Angelique Gervais Dit Aulle in Ancestry’s burial index.

Copyright © 2014, Yvonne Demoskoff.

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